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Georgiana's Gems #7 Lusitania (Portugal) and Lug

PILGRIMSPLAZA

Active Member
Pilgrimage is of all people, faiths, sferes and ages - for hunters, gatherers and true smorgasbordians:
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Present Georgiana's Gems:
- Georgiana's Gems #1 bees on miscellaneous-topics/topic4442.html
- Georgiana's Gems #2 Vézelay on miscellaneous-topics/topic4569.html
- Georgiana's Gems #3 the Magdalen - Mary Magdalen on miscellaneous-topics/topic4583.html
- Georgiana's Gems #4 Santiago's tau staff on pilgrim-books/topic4589.html
- Georgiana's Gems #5 Fisterra blues on pilgrim-books/topic4613.html
- Georgiana's Gems #6 Santiago as guide of dead souls on miscellaneous-topics/topic4662.html
- Georgiana's Gems #7 Lusitania (Portugal) and Lug on el-camino-portugues/topic4694.html
- Georgiana's Gems #8 more King books online on pilgrim-books/topic5466.html
- Georgiana's Gems #9 Iria Flavia on santiago-to-finisterre-and-muxia/topic5804.html

Future Georgiana's Gems may follow in http://pilgrimsplaza-georgianas-gems.blogspot.com on birds (doves), cypress, vista, faces, beards, Daniel, Ester, Judith, Sheba, Heavenly and Mortal Twins, axe and mallet, Paul, Nazarean, syncretism (111-294, 307, 308, 311, 313, 357, 367; law of, 307), heresy, Priscillian (I-59, III-334, 345; II-222, 237, III-237, 264, 316; III-624) and references to connected authors and books. Suggestions are welcome! Mind due: we're no experts in these fields so if you know better please enlighten us!
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Georgiana's Gems #7 on Lusitania (Portugal) with reference to Lug, Lugh and Luso

Reading The Way of Saint James by Ms Georgiana Goddard King (1920/2008) for the 3rd time makes a good opportunity to collect the gems she is giving us in such great numbers. The first time I read this classic I was fully overwhelmed by her poetic style and great authority; the second reading reveiled the details of the structure of this masterpiece and now I'm certainly very ready, most willing and hopefully able to feast on all the gems of epic writing in this book and share them with you. Any comments and suggestions are most welcome!

This Gem #7 on Lusitania, in Roman times including almost all of modern Portugal, also gives some references on Lug, Lugh or Luso.

The Way of Saint James contains 4 BOOKS in 3 Volumes:
Volume I: BOOK ONE: THE PILGRIMAGE: chapters I – V: pp 1-134
Volume I: BOOK TWO: THE WAY: chapters I – VIII: 135-463
Volume II: BOOK TWO: THE WAY: chapters IX – XVI: 1-514
Volume III: BOOK THREE: THE BOURNE: chapters I – VII: 1-370
Volume III: BOOK FOUR: HOMEWARD: chapters I – III: 371-710

NB: It may be very confusing that BOOK TWO: THE WAY is divided
over Volume I (chapters I – VIII) and Volume II (chapters IX – XVI).
So pp 135-463 occur twice in BOOK TWO!

Volume III: BOOK THREE: THE BOURNE: chapters I – VII: 1-370
[278] chapter VII THE ASIAN GOD
THE Romans, who lived always on good terms with their dead, have left inscriptions that testify to the presence, before Christianity, of las ánimas. The Reverend F. Fita publishes1 a stone of the third century which commemorates the apparition and good counsel of a dead husband; and Hubner publishes the memorial of a like apparition among the Lusitanian stones.2 In Roman days as in Catholic, the dead came back to ask for prayers and sacrifices, [THE BOURNE 279] for rosaries and Masses.

[285] The Constant Worship.
[286] Gaul he knows, and the German frontier, because he is a Frenchman, and Africa because he was there once, and a little about Lusitanian cults because the book of Leite de Vascon-[THE BOURNE 287]cellos2 somehow fell into his hands after Cumont had taken him sharply to task for his limited resources and restricted range.

[295] Endovelicus was a mountain god in Portugal, and belongs to a restricted area;32 but traces of the goddess Ataecina, the Iberian Proserpine, have been found throughout Lusitania and a part of Bética. "Saint Proserpine" says a stone that Flórez published long and long ago.33 With her one would like to associate dedi-[296]cations to the twilight and the Shrine of the Morning-Star,34 Lux Dubia, and [S. Proserpine] Luciferi fanum, found, the former in the very same parts, and the other on the Andalusian shore, consecrated both where the wind falls faint as it blows with the fume of the flowers of the night:

[314] The Star-led Wizards.
The oriental religions strictly so-called, the Asiatic, remain to be considered. The earliest of these is that of the Phrygian [Nueslra Madre de Angustias,] Goddess, the Great Mother. [Nuestra Madre de Angustias, men say in Zamora] To Magna Mater Idaea four Lusitanian inscriptions are addressed: two at Lisbon, one at Medellin, and one at Ventas de Caparra in the province of Cáceres: at Port Mahon in Minorca there was a temple of Athys.1
For this the Celtic worship of the Mothers had prepared, to which testify five inscriptions, one at Coruñia del Conde being a dedication to the Gallegan Mothers.2

NOTES
[477] The Constant Worship.:
2 J. Leite de Vasconcellos, Religiãoes da Lusitania.
[478] 8 The case is this :
(6) The relation of Mother and Son at Compostella must be connected with the Lusitanian inscriptions to the Mother of the gods.

INDEX
[686] Lupa (queen), 1-47, 60 Lusitania, 111-278, 287, 295, 314; Lusitanian cults, 286

More on Lusitania (Portugal) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispania_Lusitania
Lusitania was an ancient Roman province including approximately all of modern Portugal south of the Douro river, and part of modern Spain (the present autonomous community of Extremadura and a small part of the province of Salamanca). It was named after the Lusitani or Lusitanian people (an Indo-European people). Its capital was Emerita Augusta (currently Mérida), and it was initially part of the Roman Republic province of Hispania Ulterior, before becoming a province of its own in the Roman Empire. In red the province of Lusitania within the Roman Empire, AD 117

Pre-Roman Lusitania
Strabo in his Geography mentions that the ancient people called Lusitania to the lands north of river Douro, the land that in his own time was known as Gallaecia.[1]

Origin of the name
The etymology of Lusitania, like the origin of the Lusitani who gave the province their name, is unclear. The name may be of Celtic origin: Lus and Tanus, "tribe of Lusus". The name may derive from Lucis, an ancient people mentioned in Ora Maritima and Tan, from celtic Tan (Stan), or Tain, meaning a region or implying a country of waters, a root word that formerly meant a prince or sovereign governor of a region. The name has been connected with the personal celtic name Luso and with the god Lugh.

More on Lug (which Ms King does not mention):
- Lug by PILGRIMSPLAZA on April 23rd, 2008, 10:41 am on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... tml#p21687 :
‘Dans le péninsule Ibérique, on le retrouve partout où les Arabes n'ont pas imposé leur toponymie. Le « Chemin de Saint-Jacques » suit une succession de lieux Lug, depuis Logrono jusqu’à Léon et Lugo. La côte ligure a toujours le nom de « Costa de Luz » et le Portugal est encore la Lusitanie.’
- Re: Santiago Cathedral built on Jupiter Temple by PILGRIMSPLAZA on April 22nd, 2008, 7:31 pm on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... tml#p21668
- Re: Metaphysics and Spirituality on the Camino by PILGRIMSPLAZA on April 25th, 2008, 10:03 pm on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... tml#p21809

Present Georgiana's Gems:
- Georgiana's Gems #1 bees on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4442.html
- Georgiana's Gems #2 Vézelay on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4569.html
- Georgiana's Gems #3 the Magdalen - Mary Magdalen on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4583.html
- Georgiana's Gems #4 Santiago's tau staff on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4589.html
- Georgiana's Gems #5 Fisterra blues on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4613.html
- Georgiana's Gems #6 Santiago as guide of dead souls on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4662.html
- Georgiana's Gems #7 Lusitania (Portugal) and Lug on http://www.pilgrimage-to-santiago.com/b ... c4694.html

Future Georgiana's Gems may follow on birds (doves), cypress, vista, faces, beards, Daniel, Ester, Judith, Sheba, Heavenly and Mortal Twins, axe and mallet, Paul, Nazarean, syncretism (111-294, 307, 308, 311, 313, 357, 367; law of, 307), heresy, Priscillian (I-59, III-334, 345; II-222, 237, III-237, 264, 316; III-624) and references to connected authors and books. Suggestions are welcome! Mind due: we're no experts in these fields so if you know better please enlighten us! [highlighting -gb]

In The Way of Saint James Ms King does not mention: Beda, Holy Company, lizard, Lug, Lugh, Luso, Queimada.
Enjoy!
 

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